Our weekly wrap of key findings about obesity that you should know

Obesity numbers have more than doubled in 73 countries and surged elsewhere around the world. In an earlier report by the New England Journal of Medicine, in 2015, excess weight affected close to 30% of the world’s population. That included a lmost 108 million children and more than 600 million adults with a body mass index (BMI) above 30.

From an increased risk of stroke and various types cancer, to post-surgery infection and fatty livers, here are five scary facts about obesity that you need to know about.

1) Teenage obesity: Obese teenage boys are more likely to be at risk of getting a stroke as an adult. One of the factors that leads to it is the drop in the number of calories burned during adolescence due to a lack of exercise. A new finding reveals that men with excessive BMI increase from childhood to age 20 had a higher risk of stroke than those with average BMI increase.

2) Risk of cancer: A study recently concluded that obesity may lead to 13 types of cancer, including that of pancreas and oesophagus, as fat cells affect the processes that regulate the growth of cancer cells in the human body. Due to excess fat in the body, fat cells produce hormones and proteins, that are released into the bloodstream, and then circulated around the body.

 

3) Obesity and pregnancy: The relationship between the two is like a vicious cycle. Obese pregnant women are most likely to pass on a health threat to their unborn child. For instance, a study recently linked obesity during pregnancy to a fatty liver. According to the results, children born to obese mothers had an increased risk of suffering from a fatty liver during their teenage and well into adulthood.

 

Obesity may lead to 13 types of cancer.

4) The risk of infection: Obesity may cause a higher risk of infection, especially after bypass surgeries. A study established associations between body mass index the various outcomes following coronary artery bypass grafting and coronary angioplasty. Compared to patients with normal BMI, patients with BMI greater than 30 were 1.9 times more likely to suffer infections.

 

5) The cure: Despite the potentially fatal effects of obesity, beating obesity is often possible. From infants to the elderly, a regularised exercise routine, a healthy diet, and a stress-free sleeping pattern is all it takes to keep the disease at bay. For instance, a study published it’s reports, claiming that a proper eating and sleeping schedule can negate the risk of obesity in infancy, thereby ensuring a healthy and health conscious lifetime ahead.

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